Research Review
Social Innovation
mode de recherche, N° 17 -
January 2012
Social Innovation

With the emergence of the digital age and the Internet, the usual attachment of innovation to research institutions and companies, a model that has prevailed since the beginning of the 20th century, has over recent years, been supplemented by a social and “bottom up”
form of innovation.

With the emergence of the digital age and the Internet, the usual attachment of innovation to research institutions and companies, a model that has prevailed since the beginning of the 20th century, has over recent years, been supplemented by a social and “bottom up” form of innovation. This innovation is linked to the spread of communication techniques but also of production techniques, and as it prospers, it shakes the foundations of industry, calling into question the established methods of innovation and research, the division between production and consumption, and even the question of industrial property and the very definition of a company. While, on this subject, the most obvious example is IT and in particular open source, the objectives of this issue are to propose a broad panorama of innovative practices and to outline the main issues involved. Instead of reading this issue in a systematic and linear manner, the option is left to the reader, like the subject of the issue – social innovation – to
orient his or her reading as they so wish.

The Originality of Coproduction? . 6

The User at the Heart of the Set Up . 7

The Desire for Collective Contribution . 13

Open Source and Free Software . 13

The Conditions for Social Innovation . 15

Crowdsourcing . 16

From Fordism to Cognitive Capitalism . 19

The Knowledge Economy . 20

The User as a Producer of Knowledge . 21

Hyper Traceability of Needs . 26

The Three Ages of the Division . 27

Between Production and Consumption

The Crisis of the Industrial Model . 27

The Exemplary Nature of . 28

the Encyclopaedia

The Origins of Massification . 30

Horizontality and Verticality . 34

Utopias of Social Coproduction . 35

The “End of Work” Theory . 36

“Shadow Work” . 36

Bibliography . 39

 

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